Developments on sensors, telematics and the Internet of Things preclude a future that is more automated and environmental-aware, also in what respects to the automatic detection of emergency incidents. Automatic-initiated emergency calls will be explored in NEXES relying on sensor data (in vehicles, buildings and individuals).
Within NEXES, sensor data will be decoupled from sensing devices (related to the type of measured data) and the respective events/alerts they produce. The NEXES Action will analyse existing SIP and IMS capabilities to handle sensor data and define a framework for automated sensor-based emergency calls. The analysis will further explore, inter alia, the following SIP extensions: SIP extension for CAP; SIP extension for event state publication; SIP extension for instant messaging; SIP extension for presence information format. NEXES testbed will allow testing the proof-of-concept for these SIP extensions, so that it is considered in future developments for the next generation ES.
- eCall – The eCall concept is currently deployed based on circuit switched emergency calls, specifically for 2G and 3G networks using an in-band modem. As next generation ES evolve towards a 4G communications framework, the eCall concept will be refined and adapted as an IMS emergency call, hence benefiting from the resource- efficient packet based systems. The proposed NEXES solution for the eCall interface is SIP. In order to advance towards an IMS eCall using SIP, three of the most important features in eCall – the eCall flag, the MSD and the indicator for IMS eCall support – need to be refined and adjusted appropriately. For the former, the recommended NEXES solution to be explored is to use new URN-SOS sub-categories; for the second feature, NEXES will investigate how to properly adjust the MSD in the initial SIP message; and for the last feature NEXES will design an appropriate indicator. In addition, both the IMS eCall information and the MSD will be appropriately extended so that they include regional specific data, medical data and other vehicle data. Several transactions specified in SIP will need to be refined, modified and extended to facilitate the next generation ES framework. In that sense, INVITE, REFER, BYE, CANCEL, UPDATE, OPTIONS, ACK, PRACK, MESSAGE, INFO, REGISTER, SUBSCRIBE/NOTIFY and PUBLISH methods will be appropriately coded and tailored to the NEXES architecture, as well as to the NEXES application needs and requirements. ICCS’s In-vehicle eCall System will be tested for compliance and demonstrated together with the eCall software modules in the PSAP systems of AREU, IDS and TN;
- Smart eHealth Devices – NEXES will explore the enormous potential of eHealth devices and apps in its interconnection to next generation ES: when a patient initiates an emergency call, an eHealth app can automatically send medical data (vital signs, heart rate, temperature) to the medical assistance professionals and provide an improved assessment capability in emergencies. Furthermore, automatic emergency calls can be initiated in case a severe trigger incident is detected. Similarly to eCall, NEXES will explore SIP emergency call and MSD extensions in the connection to smart eHealth devices. Health data will be simulated. RIN’s TeleCare System and UL’s DeSA smart eHealth apps will be tested and their proof-of-concept demonstrated in NEXES.
- Smart Environmental Sensors – The growth and adoption of smart environmental sensors and devices, such as fire, gas and seismic sensors, will result in houses, factories, buildings, communities and cities that are environmental-aware of their status and anomalies. NEXES will explore the automated connection of those environmental sensors to emergency firefighting services: integrated with the emergency call, environmental sensors’ data (temperature, gas and movement intelligent readings) is automatically sent to ES, improving these services’ capability to assess the emergency. To validate smart environmental sensors, NEXES will explore M2M platforms, SIP-based calls and MSD extensions in field tests and concept-prove its suitability for use in different emergency scenarios. ORO will provide its M2M platform and ICCS will provide its sensor platform.
- Social Media – Millions of social media users around the world are daily posting hundredths of millions of status messages, text, video and pictures. The power of social media is its wide spread to the public and instant communication capabilities over the Internet. Within NG112 framework, social media is identified to be one of the media to be explored for future emergency call applications. To this scope, the NEXES RIA will analyse and define the requirements to integrate social media platforms into next generation 112 emergency calls. In this context, a trade-off between quantitative and qualitative data, accuracy of data, location, publisher identification, reliability of data needs to be made. It is also expected that citizens used to be always online on social media platforms would prefer to use social media to contact ES to report incidents or to receive information. Consequently, it is a new media that needs to be evaluated for next generation emergency systems. NEXES partners’ experience with ongoing FP7 Projects dedicated to the use of social media in emergencies and crises (ATHENA, iSAR+ and SOTERIA) will be brought to the NEXES RIA.